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Interior Design Creation and Proposal Method

3 Phases | 15 Software Forms for Interior Design

Phrase 1 Guiding Ideas

  • Design Process – 7 Decisions
  • Proposal

Phrase 2 In-Depth Discovery

  • Space Planning
  • Driving Forces
  • Design Style
  • Four (4) Approaches
  • Four (4) Approaches Estimate
  • Priority
  • Color
  • Principles
  • Item Planning

Phrase 3 Design Solution

  • Material Estimate
  • Labor Estimate
  • Schedule
  • Pictures

Please Join The TEAM

Form 1 — Design Process 7 Basic Decisions for the Space Design

These are questions and answers to gather information about the space and the clients needs.

1. DSSM Driving Forces © Boyd Wichman

A. Order
Order is one of the most basic goals of the design method. Order can be developed in many different ways. Many design functions and displays are involved in an orderly arrangement.  Different  functions has to be organized into a cohesive scheme that works very effectively as a unit while physical elements need to be balanced into harmonious arrangements then spaces need to be presented and developed in a method to allow proper orientation.

B. Item Relationship Ideas
It is necessary to understand how the space works at all levels of design; from the individual items to the total concept of the project. The project understanding has many layers at many levels.

C. Stimulation Ideas:

Optimal level of the characteristics of a space reside somewhere between total regularity and total disorder; the exact level has to be determined by each user’s needs and wants. An usable, functional, and orderly environment will not stimulate the users. Some level of stimulation is necessary for all spaces. The challenge is to determine what level of stimulation is needed and necessary.

D. Safety and Connection Ideas

Facilitating the design process are the needs for appropriate levels of grounding, connection and visual openness. Once these basic needs are determined then the furnishing and objects can be placed in the space. The selection, composition and arrangement of these space elements has an impact on the design of the space. Also, the location, size and placement will aid in the user experience. The space users will greatly appreciate the time spent planning the placement of the elements.

E. Design Basis Ideas:

Making your thoughts and feelings known can be accomplished through the space elements chosen. Symbolic ideas from practical life experiences can convey relevant human qualities and situations. Ascending/Descending can carry ideas climb or to step up to location or platform. Constraint/Freedom may may have feelings of restriction or confinement for small areas. Admittance /Rejection  can defer to to idea of welcomingness or openness to a space from a door or hallway.

2. DSSM Space/Room Design Approach © Boyd Wichman

These are questions and answers to gather information about the space and the clients needs.

There are 4 generic approaches to design Interiors.

1) Fine-Tune Design Approach: clients are confident, comfortable and satisfied with the basic style direction; just some needs haven’t ben met with enclosure, functional areas and decorative decor.

2) Create Superior: clients are needing a beautiful, functional, and efficient space; there is a need to make big changes in the enclosure, functional areas and decorative decor.

3) Challenge Existing: clients are needing to push the limits of the existing residence, unhappy with current styling, need a big change.

4) Limited: Client need to limit the project, because of funds, labor, time available or market value.

3. DSSM Space/Room Design Triangle © Boyd Wichman

These are questions and answers to gather information about the space and the clients needs.

In developing any design program, three main parts must be considered: the Enclosure, the Functional areas, and the Decorative decor plus the Utilities. Each of these planning parts is a living entity with interests and objectives. We can call them, collectively, the DSSM Design Triangle. In the context of the DSSM Triangle, the job of planning is to provide the best interior design program to match client needs to the house style and neighborhood. At the same time, the Design Decorator/Contractor must ensure that the strategy correctly matches the house’s strengths with the needs of a clearly defined neighborhood while always following the needs of the client and the family. Positive matching of the needs and objectives of the three parties involved is required for a good lasting relationship; without it, the project’s long-term viability may be at risk. 

4. Core5Plus Priority Method © Boyd Wichman

These are questions and answers to gather information about the space and the clients needs. 

There are 3 basic item grouping, enclosure, functional area, and decorative decor then each of the 3 groups have a priority method. Focal point to Support item. There is a rating system for priority. Matching the 2 focal point for the enclosure and functional area is the best situation. If the decorative area also matches then that is even better. The decorative decor priority is important but different.

5. Color Scheme

These are questions and answers to gather information about the space and the clients needs.

Monochromatic color schemes utilize a single color with variable shades and tints to create a consistent look and feel.

Analogous color schemes are developed by pairing one prominent color with the two colors just next to the color on the color wheel.

Complementary color scheme is based on using two colors straight across from each other positioned on the color wheel and appropriate tints of those colors.

Split complementary scheme includes one predominant color and the two colors just adjacent to the dominant color’s complement.

Triadic color schemes are assembled by selecting three equally arranged colors in lines about the color wheel.

The square color scheme employs four colors at equal distances from each hue on the color wheel to form a square or diamond figure.

Tetradic color scheme, the rectangle method is comparable to its square counterpart but delivers a more subtle approach to color selection.

6. Interior Floor Plan

These are questions and answers to gather information about the space and the clients needs.

Floor plans are carefully scaled drawings that display the relationship between rooms, spaces ( 2 or more rooms together), and physical characteristics viewed from above. They deliver a method to visualize how individuals will progress through the area. Floor plans help make it easier to study if the space is appropriate for its intended use or purpose, then work through any potential issues and redesign before proceeding into additional or elaborate planning or construction stages.

7. DSSM Basic 4 Design Styles © Boyd Wichman

These are questions and answers to gather information about the space and the clients needs.

There are numerous types of interior design, with the checklist ever-evolving. Many of them are trends, and some are timeless masterpieces that stand the examination of time. An individual style comprises distinctive furniture, decorative décor, lighting fixtures, and accessories that provide it with its signature look and vibe.

Form 2 ——Proposal 2024 © Boyd Wichman

These are questions and answers to gather information about the space and the clients needs.

Design Approaches

  • Four Design Approaches

Floorplan Design:

  • Type of Floor Plan
  • Shape of Floor Plan
  • Items in Space
  • Item Groupings
  • Good Circulation Patterns

Design Styles

  • 4 Basic Styles
  • Use One Style Completely 100%
  • Style 70/30 Split:
  • List of Styles

Color

  • Warm Colors
  • Cool Colors
  • Warm Neutrals
  • Cool Neutrals
  • Neutrals
  • Pastels
  • Accent or pops of Color
  • Color Scheme Split
  • 60 % Choose
  • 30 % Choose                     
  • 10 % Choose

Core5Plus Priority Method © Boyd Wichman

There are 3 basic item grouping, enclosure, functional area, and decorative decor then each of the 3 groups have a priority method. Focal point to Support item. There is a rating system for priority. Matching the 2 focal point for the enclosure and functional area is the best situation. If the decorative area also matches then that is even better. The decorative decor priority is important but different.

These elements are the items that create the interior of any space. The focal point is chosen first, then the 3 items that best support the focal point. Then an unusual/unique item is added to the mix for conversation and attitude. Finally every other item  is a support item. Core5Plus © 2015

Focal Point: the center of attention or main item in the space grouping

  • Important 1: a meaningful or essential item in the space grouping
  • Important 2: a meaningful or essential item in the space grouping
  • Important 3: a meaningful or essential item in the space grouping
  • Unique/Unusual: an impact item or WOW factor for the space grouping

Support: a necessary and vital item for the space group0ing

Core5Plus Items Grouping:© Boyd Wichman

  • Enclosure Items: the outside area items that determine the outer limits of the space
  • Functional Areas Items: the activity or use of the space
  • Decorative Decor Items: the items are accessories and articles to enhance the space

Core5Plus Items Grouping:© Boyd Wichman

Item: _____ Core5Plus  Priority Method _____ Type _____Style ______ Materials _______

Color _____ Pattern ____ Texture _____ Notes________________

Form 3 ——Space Planning 2024 © Boyd Wichman

These are questions and answers to gather information about the space and the clients needs.

Design Triangle © Boyd Wichman : Enclosure, Functional Areas, Decorative Decor

Space Planning :

  • What is the location of the Space/Room within the house on the same floor? Please identify the choice by using a number location?
  • What are the location of the Enclosure items of the space? Please identify the choice by using a number location?
  • What are the location of the Functional items of the space? Please identify the choice by using a number location?
  • What are the location of the Decorative Decor items of the space? Please identify the choice by using a number location?
  • What is the Space adjacency?
  • What is the Functional Area item adjacency?

Form 4 ——Driving Forces 2024 © Boyd Wichman

These are questions and answers to gather information about the space and the clients needs.

Asking Why. Another way to ask WHY is to List what is needed.

Questions about the Enclosure, all Functional Areas, and Decor Items.

These Questions and Answers are the Interior Decorator/Contractor’s thoughts

on the space solutions for the look and use of the space.

Occupants:

A.Design Order:

  • Functional Fit
  • Contextual Fit
  • Visual Harmony
  • Orientation
  • Organization Concepts
  • Character
  • Relationships
  • Hierarchy

B. Space understanding

  • Group Focal point item
  • Group Creation
  • Item and Group Relationships
  • Item and Group Sequences Circulation
  • Group Understanding

C. Stimulation Ideas:

  • Variety
  • Complexity
  • Novelty
  • Boldness
  • Tension
  • Ambiguity
  • Well-composed
  • Activity Manipulation

Safety and Security Ideas:

  • Grounding
  • Connection
  • Visual Openness

 

Design Basis ideas:

  • Historical
  • Cultural
  • Regional
  • Current Trend
  • Human Experiences
  • Project Requirements
  • Designer’s ideas
  • Formal Design Properties and Assemblies

Utilities

  • Plumbing
  • HVAC
  • Electrical
  • Electronic

Financial Ideas

  • Money/funds
  • Time
  • Resources
  • Labor

 Design Ideas

  • One Style
  • 70/30 Style Split
  • 60-30-10 Color
  • Design proportion

 Scale and proportions

  • Repeated shapes and patterns
  • Scale to ceiling height
  • Negative or Vacant space
  • Golden ratio

Form 5 ——Design Styles 2024 © Boyd Wichman

These are questions and answers to gather information about the space and the clients needs.

Design Triangle

  • Enclosure, Functional Areas, Decorative Decor

Design Styles:

  • Four Basic
  • One Style
  • 70%/35 Split

The space could have an existing style on the enclosure or functional areas.

Then, you could use another style for the decorative decor.

Or blend the second style in more of the enclosure or decorating decor items.

Form 6 ——Four (4) Design approaches 2024 © Boyd Wichman

These are questions and answers to gather information about the space and the clients needs.

Design Triangle

  • Enclosure, Functional Areas, Decorative Decor

Design Approaches: 

1) Fine-tune
2) Create Superior
3) Challenge Existing
4) Limited

Form 7——4 Design Approaches Estimate © Boyd Wichman

These are questions and answers to gather information about the space and the clients needs.

Design Triangle

  • Enclosure, Functional Areas, Decorative Decor

Design Approaches ©: 

  1. Fine-tune
  2. Create Superior
  3. Challenge Existing
  4. Limited

Design Approach: Fine Tune

Time:  Hours:  _________

Expense: Dollars: _________

 Design Reasons for the project:

  1. Better Visual:
  2. Better Functions:
  3. Result:

Form 8—— Core5Plus Explanation © Boyd Wichman

These are questions and answers to gather information about the space and the clients needs.

Design Triangle

  • Enclosure, Functional Areas, Decorative Decor

Core5Plus Priority: These elements are the items that create the interior of any space.

The focal point is chosen first, then the 3 items that best support the focal point.

Then an unusual/unique item is added to the mix for conversation and attitude.

Finally every other item  is a support item.

Items: There are 3 basic item grouping: enclosure, functional area, and decorative decor then each of the 3 groups have a priority method.

Focal point to Support items.

There is a rating system for priority.

Matching the 2 focal points for the enclosure and functional area is the best situation.

The decorative decor priority is important but different.

Form 9—— Color 60-30-10 © Boyd Wichman

These are questions and answers to gather information about the space and the clients needs.

Design Triangle

  • Enclosure, Functional Areas, Decorative Decor

Color Scheme

A color scheme that states: 60% of the space or the foundation base is one color, 30% is an optional color while 10% is for accent or decorative items. Walls, accent items, area rugs, statement ‘pieces’ should account for 60%, curtains, painted furniture, side chairs, and smaller statement items would be 30%, while pillows, fabrics, accessories  and artwork would be 10%. Many different color selections are available.

Wood and Metal Color

Form 10—— Principles © Boyd Wichman

These are questions and answers to gather information about the space and the clients needs.

Design principles will help you design any space, with all the spaces having a cohesive feeling and being put together.

A space has to have a good or great functional use.

A mood or feeling can be created with colors, textures, patterns, and accessories; then, add a personality to the space with accessories.

Design Triangle

  • Enclosure, Functional Areas, Decorative Decor

Space Zones: The placement of movable furniture and furnishings in the sole.

What was placed in these areas?

Organizational Strategies: These two methods can be used individually or together.

Centering: The alignment of the centers of various individual items or groupings.

Alignment: Positioning of the edge of individual pieces or groupings along a standard reference line.

These strategies create a cohesive balance within a space.

Types of Alignment There are five types of alignment: edge alignment & center alignment.1,

  1. Edge alignment: the placement of design elements on the edges of any composition. 

There are four types of edge alignments.

  1. Center alignment: the placement of design elements along the imaginary central axis of any composition.
  2. Visual alignment_use your sight to place and align the items.
  3. Object alignment_ Align the mixed type of items by positioning them with a center alignment.
  4. Grid alignment usesmultiple vertical and horizontal lines to create space selections.

Symmetry: The mirroring or repetition of visual elements to create a balanced and harmonious interior.

Symmetry is a visual language that speaks to our innate desire for order and balance. 

It’s a tool that designers wield with great skill, and when properly used, it can transform any space into a masterpiece of design.

Grounding Items –To feel safe and comfortable in a space.

Emphasis-Creating a space/room Focal Point.

Repetition and Movement or Rhyme- Incorporating similar patterns, colors, shapes, forms, and textures in the items.

ContrastWhen you select two or more items that have opposing characteristics next to each other or together, you’re creating contrast.

NegativeIncorporating negative space in your design means giving plenty of room for elements to breathe. 

This Area is the space where there is no furniture, texture, design, or Decor. 

Negative space is vital because it plays a crucial role in creating balance.

You don’t want to leave empty spaces where you feel something should be. 

Instead, you only want to incorporate negative space in areas that make sense and go well with your design.

Balance-When designing the interior of your home, you want to make sure you’re evenly distributing elements to create visual balance. 

You can achieve this by introducing different forms, colors, and textures.

There are two main things to consider as you create balance

Proportion-This is the relationship between the size of the item and the space.

Use standard sizes as a starting point, then adjust for more significant for emphasis or minor for less noticeability.

Form 11—— Item Planning © Boyd Wichman

These are questions and answers to gather information about the space and the clients needs.

Questions about the Enclosure, all Functional Areas, and Decor Items.

These Questions and Answers are the Interior Decorator/Contractor’s thoughts on the space solutions for the item groupings, pairing of items, and item contrast ideas—select items, then item characteristics needed for balance.

Items can be added to the list.

Similar items can be added to the display to see comparability and compatibility.

Such as other focal point item choices, additional Important items, additional support items, etc.

These could be similar to a mood board.

The forms will display the choices better.

 Design Triangle: Enclosure, Functional Areas, and Decorative Decor.

Enclosure Items — Core5Plus Method © plus item details

(doors, windows, floor, walls, ceiling, fireplace, stairway, lighting, trim/molding, architectural elements)

Core5Plus Priority Method.

Color_x_full__tint/shade/tone, Texture__smooth/light_x_medium/heavy, Pattern_x_None/small__medium/heavy, Line__tiny/thin_x_medium/large, Shape__tiny/small_x_medium/heavy, Space_x_tiny/small__medium/heavy, Light__tiny/small_x_medium/heavy, Mass_x_tiny/small__medium/heavy.

Form 12 —— Material Estimate © Boyd Wichman

These are questions and answers to gather information about the space and the clients needs.

Space/Room: Kitchen (example)

Enclosure: Floor Structure

Type _____________ Manufacturer _______  Style ___________ Materials __________

Color _____________ Pattern ___________ Texture ___________Quantity _____  Unit ____________ 

                                                                                                                     Total __________

Functional Areas (Kitchen): Upper Cabinets

Type _____________ Manufacturer _______  Style ___________ Materials __________

Color _____________ Pattern ___________ Texture ___________Quantity _____  Unit ____________ 

                                                                                                                     Total __________

Decorating Decor: Accessories Decor

Type _____________ Manufacturer _______  Style ___________ Materials __________

Color _____________ Pattern ___________ Texture ___________Quantity _____  Unit ____________ 

Form 13 —— Labor Estimate © Boyd Wichman

These are questions and answers to gather information about the space and the clients needs.

Design Triangle © Boyd Wichman : Enclosure, Functional Areas, Decorative Decor

Space/Room: Kitchen (example)

 Enclosure: Floor Structure

Type __________ Labor __________ Details ___________ Quantity ______ Unit ________ Total  _________

 Functional Areas (Kitchen): Upper Cabinets

Type __________ Labor __________ Details ___________ Quantity ______ Unit ________ Total  _________

 Decorating Decor: Accessories Decor

Type __________ Labor __________ Details ___________ Quantity ______ Unit ________ Total  _________

Form 14 —— Project Schedule © Boyd Wichman

These are questions and answers to gather information about the space and the clients needs.

Space/Room: Kitchen (example)

Planning:

Area: __enclosure, __functional area, __decorative decor,__ utilities

Time: __1 -2 hours, __3-4 hours, __8 hours, __1 day, __2 days, __3 days, __1 week, __2-3 weeks,

__1 month

Details: ______________________________________.

Design:

Demolition:

Framing:

Windows:

Doors:

Plumbing:

HVAC:

Electrical:

Electronic:

Drywall:

Painting:

Cabinets:

Light Fixtures:

Plumbing Fixtures:

Clean Space:

Flooring:

Finish Work:

Form 15 —— Photo Form © Boyd Wichman

These are questions and answers to gather information about the space and the clients needs.

Space/Room: Kitchen (example)

Photo 1:

Add photo here…….Comment

Photo 2:

Add photo here…….Comment

Photo 3:

Add photo here…….Comment

Photo 4:

Add photo here…….Comment

Photo 5:

Add photo here…….Comment

Photo 6:

Add photo here…….Comment

OR

OR