DesignSpreadSheet

Revenue Created for our Clients

Client Log-in | Student Login

Mechanical Planning

Mechanical planning

Today’s homes are becoming multi-functional spaces and include an increasingly complex collection of electrical-powered devices with electrical and mechanical components.

There is wiring for various electrical devices, entertainment equipment, heating, air conditioning, ventilating equipment, and lighting. 

You must consider the place and electrical requirements of all these objects early in the task /to provide the essential infrastructure before installing finishes, cabinetry, and fixtures. 

Electrical

A thorough evaluation of the space and the box components is critical, whether building or remodeling. 

Use a requirements analysis form to determine the electrical planning requirements of the client. 

Then confer current codes to notice what actions must be implemented to meet code acceptance. 

You may also propose additional concepts for improving the method that the client may not have thought of, especially those connected to the future necessities or characteristics they may not be able to afford. 

Codes. 

The US (NEC) and Canada (CEC), which are nearly identical, ensure a safe electrical system that is a significant consideration in the space where water and electricity are nearby. 

These codes currently mandate ground fault circuit breakers GFI’s to enhance safety. 

The electrical spark by electrical current flow quickly when they notice that the flow proceeding out of an appliance is dissimilar to the flow that returns. 

GFCI receptacles must be correctly wired to conform to the same area as the standard receptacle. 

Wiring. 

One element for older houses that are generally outdated is the wiring. 

The older writing may be in poor condition but may also be assembled of hazardous items like aluminum. 

In either circumstance, it should be substituted. 

Signs of inadequate or outdated riding wiring possess: 

The home is over 25 years old and connected without a grounding system;

A box with fuses is still current;

In the circuit main breaker box, the wiring method has only two wires; thus, it is not grounded;

Aluminum type wire is current; 

No GFCIs are current; 

Fuses go off, or circuit breakers become tripped frequently;

Many switches, receptacles, and lights are needed; 

Extension electrical cords are often used;

The main electrical box is 100 amps or less, being undersized for A/C and other equipment.

Special wiring needs

Plan the wiring requirements before walls are completed with the appliances and use for the space, significantly for larger luxury houses.

Some examples: include dishwashers or electric hot-air fryers to charging cords. Incorporate wiring for islands, range hoods, and under-counter lights are needed. 

Install individual plan circuits for electrical resistance heaters, floor heaters, ceiling heaters, and ventilation systems. 

Create Individual circuits for significant fixtures such as whirlpool tubs, steam showers, and some toilets or bigots. 

Laundry areas incorporated into a bathroom plan should have a dedicated circuit for the clothes washer and dryer. 

An electrical clothes dryer will need a 240 V circuit.

Television or sound system outlet receptacles will need to be located for placement and the speakers. 

Receptacles

Most spaces in the home need receptacles to cover electrical needs.

Consumers are using an increasing number of electrical devices.

Heating.

There are many ways in which to add heat to the house. 

However, the first step is to reduce heat loss by ceiling leaks, improve insulation in the exterior walls, and upgrade windows.

When selecting a heating system for the house, keep in mind the following adding supplemental heat:

Adding duck-work to the finished space. 

Expanding an area to a heated area adds a zonal heat system.

Heat systems for houses have a wide variety of types. 

They can vary as to installation needs, space requirements, responsiveness, comfort, and heating mode. 

The most common choices are infrared heat pumps, ceiling-mounted convection heaters, wall heaters, floor-mounted radiators, ceiling or wall panel heaters, tell kit heaters, baseboard heaters, and floor heating systems. 

Cooling

Space comfort is essential all year round. 

When a warm climate arrives, your client will desire measures to be integrated into the house to ensure a comfortable environment that eliminates excess heat and humidity. 

Cool air can be frigid when getting out of the shower; it may be great for every sauna space, exercise area, or grooming location then it will significantly affect the required cooling measures. 

Mechanical cooling may be necessary for northern environments if summertime temperatures are not excessive. 

In warmer environments, mechanical cooling is necessary almost all year. 

Some mechanical units can help remove excess humidity, which is essential in the bathroom and kitchen. 

When closet or addressing areas are part of the space, less humidity air will be in this zone. 

Air conditioning units are not, however, substitutes for good ventilation. 

Natural cooling

Working windows will provide the primary natural cooling method by accessing the windows to permit new air during the colder part of the day or night.

On hot days, windows allow in cool air at dusk, then closing the window during the day’s warmth may be sufficient to maintain a home comfortable. 

Including windows on two sides of a space can set up cross ventilation to increase air circulation. 

Windows overlaid with lower E coatings can aid in reflecting the heat out. 

Exterior materials can also help with cooling; ceramic tile, stone, concrete, and other materials can supply a cool glimmer to the room. 

These materials will also feel chilly in the winter and seem discomfort during that period of the year. 

Mechanical cooling

Mechanical means are required if natural cooling techniques cannot provide expected comfort levels. 

The most fundamental of mechanical appliances is the fan. 

Portable and window units are functional but not pretty and take up space in a room.

 An overhead fan may be more appropriate for elevated ceilings to accommodate the item. 

Ceiling hugger fans are functional for standard ceiling heights, but more elevated clients may have a problem with spinning blades just a small distance from their bodies. 

Ventilation

Ventilation is required in a well-designed space for moisture control for healthy indoor considerations. 

The designer must prepare a balanced and effective system that will not compromise user comfort. 

The designer tries to provide a ventilation technique that the occupations will employ. 

Home ventilation systems are typically designed to assume that they can improve indoor areas by combining or replacing them with outside air. 

Air from the exterior is thought to be fresher, relying on the home’s location; this may not always be accurate. 

Special ventilation techniques may be needed to provide additional air filtration if the exterior air is polluted. 

Windows

Can utilize windows to satisfy code requirements; depending on them for all the ventilation can be a situation. Opening a window on chilly or showery days may not be reasonable or pleasing.

An open window could compromise solitude and safety. 

An open window could not sufficiently provide adequate air circulation to eliminate moisture. 

Fan systems

An adequate ventilation system for space is mechanical and exhausts air to the outside. 

This kind of ventilation can be developed to remove dampness and manage odors. 

Choosing the right fan is essential but only a piece of the decision. 

Ventilation may be regarded as a system, counting the fan in-line duct controls and the needed insulation. 

Choice of bathroom fans.

There are numerous types of fans:

  • Ceiling-mounted fans
  • Fanlights
  • Exterior-mounted fans
  • In-line fans
  • Wall fans
  • Whole-house ventilation systems 

Water heaters

Showering to ready for a busy daytime or a nice soak in a tub in an adequate reserve of hot water is vital for the bathroom and other areas of the house. 

The hot water design needs to be detailed for plenty of water available during peak use. 

Water heater location

How fast the hot water reaches the bathroom fixtures could vary depending on the bathroom placement and the water heater. 

A typical home design plan could happen when the bathroom position is on the opposing side of the house from the water heater. 

There is a long wait before hot water arrives at the bathroom fixtures, but a considerable quantity of water is lost while pausing for the hot water to reach the area. 

A second water heater positioned near the bathrooms could solve the issue.

The second water heater could also be suggested if the client desires to establish a whirlpool tub or shower with a multi-head that requires a lot of hot water. 

Water heater types.

There are three fundamental kinds of water heaters: tank, on-demand, and hybrid. 

The type best suits your client’s requirements depend on their hot water needs, storage space, and home size. 

Tank. This water heater maintains water hot on a 24-hour basis, adding additional heat when the thermostat is below the water temperature. 

On-demand. On-demand water heaters vary in size and shape with fuel type on-demand water heaters heat the water to a preset temperature as it is utilized and does not need a storage tank. 

Lighting

Houses have various lighting requirements for the many activities in this room. 

Lighting includes an aesthetic charm that can create a mood in the space.

Many tasks require a quality light source to be entirely adequate. 

Activities are more varied and flexible with the need to accommodate them.

The light you require for vigorous exercise will not be identical as employed for relaxing in a tub or reading. 

Natural or daylight. 

Daylight is natural sunlight for windows, doors, and skylights that include warm, inviting characteristics to a space and give the room a sense of openness. 

The following are suggestions for planning daylighting characteristics.

Select when the space is used considerably. 

Highlighting natural light when the space is only utilized in the evening or earlier morning may not require logical or efficient planning. 

Too considerably natural light could lead to some light glare. 

When the window frame faces a sunny exposure, integrating window treatments can assist control the radiant sunshine during the day. 

The shining sun could provoke a glare on mirrors if not correctly placed. 

An extensive window and some glass doors to the exterior can furnish adequate daytime lighting requirements plus a visual opening to the space to the exterior. 

Windows and some glass doors will require to be made of tempered glass glazing. 

Windows enveloping a bathtub or shower walls should be constructed of tempered glass. 

Skylights can be included with natural light without surrendering wall space but choose high-quality materials for the skylights with proper installation. 

Skylight supplies about five times more light than the exact sizes of wall windows.

Choose windows or skylights with a high insulating R-value to keep the space more habitable year-round. 

Investigate air leakage rate and choose windows or skylights ranked as low air leakage. 

Types of artificial lighting. 

The extent of natural light may not be acceptable for the space’s activities, so artificial methods must be incorporated. 

When deciding on artificial light, determine what is required to increase the space throughout the day and then think about the room’s requirements after dark. 

No one type of lighting source can deliver the light required for taking a soothing soak in the tub, applying makeup, or taking a shower, so that numerous different fixtures could be considered. 

Artificial lighting can be considered a layer incorporated into the space through the general amber, functional task, unique accent, and ornate decorative lighting fixtures. 

With your client’s information, determine if the light fixture source will be a recognized feature of the space or vanish in the environment with only the results of lighting evidence in the area.

General or ambient lighting. 

Modifications for general ambient source lighting and each space area can be required.

Ambient lighting can be achieved through ceiling fixtures/vent/heater/light varieties, table lighting, wall lighting, recessed lighting, and indirect or cove methods. 

Keep these ideas in mind when including ambient lighting in a space: recessed elements are less visual and can spread light in a vast, medium, or very narrow display, depending on the characteristics of the designed fixture. 

Select the type of light desired:

Including dimmers for spa, flat exercise, or simple mediation areas will help develop the preferred light level or create the mood for the function. 

Many types of lighting create plenty of heat. 

The heat may sense comfort and relaxation in the winter, but it will add to the summer’s cooling burden in the areas. 

Evaluate the surface coatings and the hues when selecting lighting. 

Shiny surfaces will create glare, but dark surfaces will soak more light. 

Indirect or hidden cove lighting creates a soft glow for the space. 

Use soft uplighting for the overall ceiling or dim corners; they expand the room feeling.

Lighting for the powder rooms is sufficient to supply a more peaceful, quiet light level for public guest use. 

If family members utilize the powder room as an additional bathroom to prepare in the morning, the extra light will be required for these activities.

Accent lighting

Simultaneousness, with general ambient and special accent lighting, can enhance many features in a space. 

Accent fixtures can supply lighting for the optical surface by wall washing lights. 

Direct lighting toward art drawing, unique art objects, or interesting architectural elements. 

Illuminate the floor’s surface as an evening light with small yet linear lighting at the vanity bottom toe kick. 

Accent lighting for wall shelves, ceiling soffit areas, and glass framed cabinets will include aesthetic attraction and allure. 

Table lights can convey a soft feeling to vanity and other spaces but separate them far from the water source. 

Task lighting

Task lighting supplies light and atmosphere to help users notice what they do and accomplish. 

Task lighting could be supplied for each functional space.

Some points to determine: 

Considerable of the task fixture in the bathroom is used for grooming. 

Position the lighting where your user typically performed actions, 

which could be either when standing or just sitting. 

Each space user may perform different activities in a unique combination of locations, including appropriate task lighting.

Incorporate lights in closets and extra deep cabinets.

Lighting should be sufficient so individuals who are cooking or reading can see their accomplishments. 

To evade glare in those utilizing the tub, position the lighting to the exterior edge of the bathtub. 

Decorative lighting

More consumers are including decorative lighting in the space. 

This light provides a little touch of glimmer for the space and improves the ambiance in the sense of the area. 

Decorative fixtures in space will most likely benefit more than one objective. 

The chandelier is an ornamental fixture but also furnishes ambient lighting for the entire space. 

A small table lighting may contribute with a bit of glimmer and an accent for a quiet corner.