Room Design IT

Design Style Comparison

Comparison of the 4 Basic Design Styles

Basic Design Styles

Functional

Traditional

Modern

Contemporary

Another name

similar to minimalist,

classical, timeless

retro

today,

The Look

organized, function follows form, simplicity, limited colors create free space, clear walkway, contrast as design principle, uncomplicated covering and wall finishes

traditional more craftsman enlightened and , classical more antiques with ornamentation and carved details,

sophistication, create a WOW factor, minimalist, neutral colors,

monochromaticity, minimalist, everyday materials, uncomplicated,

Space Use

function should follow form, analyze daily for use,

think you furniture as functional, no clutter,

refined, graceful, furniture placement important-balance, paired, symmetrical, layered textures and decorations,

less is more, eliminate excess details, no clutter, clean lines, uncomplicated, orderly,

open space, form is just as important as function, use architectural items, exposed materials,

Formal/ Casual

formal

formal

casual

casual

Floor Plan

plan for purpose, plenty of storage, essential use, combine uses or functions, must have negatives space, open circulation space, open floor plan.

structured, compartmental, symmetrical and ceremonial, linear circulation, built-in elements, architectural elements,

open, loosely defined, flow from space to space, well-defined, kitchen counter as a divider, maximize sun-light,

open floor plan, easily flow from space to space, large window for light, high ceilings, fireplace, statement items,

Design Principle

contrast, efficient, practical, re-purposed, bare essentials,

natural light, simple furniture, multiple materials,

comfort, peace, hierarchy, warmth, familiarity,

sustainable and practical, eliminate all details and excess, eliminate clutter, connected to the age of intrigue,

monochromatic colors, form and function are equally important, less items, texture adds balance,

Color

monochromatic, grays , beiges, whites, pops of color, neutrals, bright and bold colors are not acceptable,

soft, yellow, red, blue, green, brown, off-white, bold hues, accent wall, wall colors: beige, cream or ivory,

one dominate color and tones for other items, light toned for walls-mid-tones for pillows dark-tones for furniture,

monochromatic, grays, beiges, whites, pops of color, bold colors, ‘natural colors’, many shades of one hue, accent color paint wall, neutral palette,

Monochromatic, main colors are black and white, cold neutrals, grays , beiges, pops of color,

Lines

straight, clean, also boxy lines, noticeable lines, flat, smooth, clean lines,

straight and curves, mild curves, strong angles,

clean, straight, horizontal, vertical, low, flat, almost boxy lines,

clean, straight, and elegantly curved, vertical and horizontal lines, geometric accessories,

Shapes

multi functional items, vertical items

large

geometric, organic, abstract

streamlined, your regular and irregular spaces, space and circulation.

Textures

all textures, fabrics, leather, stone, wood, walls and flooring should be plain and simple,

 all

limited

combing texture for balance to neutral colors, live edge on furniture and some accessories, natural fabric items, heavy textures on fabrics,

Pattern

simple, small or large,

some strips and florals, patterns introduces colors and connecting space, floral, damasks, toile, paisleys print, chinoiserie motifs, muted stripes, focus on pattern and not color,

houndstooths paisley, damask, tropical forest, geometric, ethic motifs,

no patterns, solid colors, just pattern on some accessories,

Light

efficient, floor to ceiling windows, natural light is best to provide warmth and coziness, different types pf light,

chandeliers, decorated sconces, sculptured table lamps,

large windows, no curtains, no blinds, natural light,

natural light from large windows, multiple sources of light, overhead lights, task lights, hanging pendant lights, recessed lights,

Finish

smooth, finished

Plenty

 

Smooth paint, rough materials

Materials

Efficient, practical, re-purposed

wallpaper, stencils,

natural, concrete, beams, glass, recycled glass, clay, cork, aluminum, stucco, stone, bricks,

Natural, finished and unfinished, re-purposed

Metals

all metals,

brass, bronze, copper,

steel, chrome,

stainless steel, nickel, chrome, stainless steel appliances,

Wood

all woods,

 walnut, red cherry, dark mahogany, white oak red oak, inlaid floors,

natural and veneer, plywood, unpainted wood,

very light or dark colored wood color, flower pots, shelving, end tables, floor lighting,

Trim

smooth, simple

cabinets, crown molding, wall paneling,

no trim, smooth if needed,

smooth, uncomplicated, white , black or gray tones,

Natural

not important

wood,

materials, plants, wood

wood, stone, metal, plants, accessories

Balance

symmetrical and asymmetrical.

symmetrical, order, focal point, match

asymmetrical

asymmetric, well-balanced, use white and black color for balance,

Furniture

think of it as functional, multi-use furniture, large furnishings that are bulky and heavy are unnecessary, statement items,

wingback, tufting, piping, skirt, carved wood, natural wood, cabriole-style furniture legs, same or matching fabrics,

glass, concrete, steel, bold colors, leather, plastic,

multi-functional items, built-in closets and storage niches, smooth shape and straight lines, white furniture if painted maybe gray, aged if simple, birch and oak,

Lighting

track, pendant, and recessed lighting, wall and ceiling lighting,

chandelier, lamps, sconces, 

 

chandleries, track lighting, recessed, pendants, task, accent for galleries,

Art

framed

framed,

abstract art, wall art,

frames of wood or metal, black or white color, gloss or matte, hang together, not to many groupings, sculptured

Textiles

 

damask reversible fabrics, tone on tone, Austrian shades, floor to ceiling drapes, velvet curtains, grecian key design motif, drapery border,

simple bold color pillows and rugs,

smooth silk, textured crushed velvet, linen, wool,

Windows

 

wood, cornices, valances, huge,

over-sized,

large for sunlight,

Rug

 

patterned lilim, Persian carpet, oriental

 

two-toned area rugs,

Accessories

accessories should create visual interest, avoid clutter,

mirrors, china, candle sticks holders, decorative boxes, vases, crystal, polished silver, collections, sculptures,

lack of detail or decoration,

graphic arts, soft pillows, textured throws, sculptured lamps, textured vases,